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Manar Elabiad


Concerns of mobility and technology lead us today to take a new look at the different types of vernacular architecture. The earth has been always used in construction and the southern Morocco offers a very good example of these earthen architectures, made of Ksour (fortified villages) and Kasbah (majestic fortified houses) which have been neglected for too long.

The project proposes a typical model of ksar metamorphosis (Berber village of 2018) to make it dynamic, agitated and evolutive. It consists of several types of Kasbah some are utopic and others are realistic (modular Kasbah, rotative Kasbah, walking Kasbah, flying Kasbah) with a variable process and flexible planning

A horizontal and vertical assembly of a cubic module assembled as a Lego system to create houses which can accommodate up to several generations of the same family, with animals and crops.

The walls are built of rammed earth; mixture of mud and straw, according to an ancient process that protects the interior of the house from cold and heat. The construction techniques consist of an assembly of raw bricks into prefabricated on-site panels, or the filling of a large cedar timber formwork.

The functioning of the house and the village is strongly governed by the oppositions public / private and man / woman but also by the opposition man / animal. There are also parts dedicated to the community.

The proposed vernacular language is inventive, effective and efficient but with local vernacular quality and recyclable materials that have a thermo-regulator effect, good acoustic insulation, and self-renewal capacity.


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