ASA-Com-120498119302

Liliya Yaryeva


Russia


The indigenous population of Russian Far North, Chukchi, is genuinely unique. From the earliest times, they used to catch fish, tended their reindeer herds. They led a nomadic life. So called yaranga was the main type of dwelling for them. It is a pyramid-shaped structure made of bones, tree trunks and deer skins. The yaranga withstood the strongest winds and frosts. Partly, it is the merit of a small fire, which was set in the center of the dwelling. All family members used to spend time around its warmth. People ate, slept and talked while sitting around the blaze hearth.

The majority of modern Chukchi live in ordinary concrete houses. I think that this only means that yaranga must be reconsidered. My project represents a fresh look at this ancient dwelling. In my project it is a family and tribal cultural center. People can come here and just enjoy communication; elderly people can share their life experience for those who gathered around to listen.

In my project the shape of yaranga is opened for the surrouding.

Besides, I would like to add patterns (with perforations) on the walls in the traditional style that would show the history and cultural life of the Chukchi people.

However, faced with modern civilization, these people have changed, and it led to alcohol abuse for many of them. The result was the extinction of a huge number of people. Thus, the new yaranga also turns into a memorial or a cry for help. The communication within it becomes a method of therapy.

Chukchi are not the only people who built pyramid houses. And certainly not the only one suffering from the problem described above. This concept can be applied to other people's housing in any other place in the world.



The Association of Siamese Architects under Royal Patronage


248/1 Soi Soonvijai4 (soi17), Rama IX Road, Bangkapi,
Huay Kwang, Bangkok 10310, THAILAND

Tel : (662) 319-6555
Fax : (662) 319-6419

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